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ँ ं ः अ आ इ ई उ ऊ ऋ ऌ ऍ ऎ ए ऐ ऑ ऒ ओ औ क क़ ख ख़ ग ग़ घ ङ च छ ज ज़ झ झ़ ञ ट ठ ड ड़ द ढ ढ़ ण त थ ध न ऩ प फ फ़ ब भ म य य़ र ऱ ल ळ ऴ व श ष स ह ़ ऽ ा ि ॊ ो ौ ् ी ु ू ृ ॄ ॅ ॆ े ै ॉ ॐ ॑ ॒ ॓ ॔ ॠ ॡ ॢ ॣ । ॥ ॰

onvoltooid voltooid
sg m बोलता बोला
v बोलती बोली
plur m बोलते बोले
v बोलीं


Nolst Trenité[bewerken]

Dearest creature in creation
Studying English pronunciation,
I will teach you in my verse
Sounds like corpse, corps, horse and worse
I will keep you, Susy, busy,
Make your head with heat grow dizzy
Tear in eye your dress you'll tear,
So shall I! Oh, hear my prayer,
Pray, console your loving poet,
Make my coat look new, dear, sew it!
Just compare heart, beard and heard,
Dies and diet, lord and word,
Sword and sward, retain and Britain
(Mind the latter, how it's written)
Made has not the sound of bade,
Say said, pay-paid, laid, but plaid
Now I surely will not plague you
With such words as vague and ague,
But be careful how you speak,
Say break, steak, but bleak and streak
Previous, precious, fuchsia, via,
Pipe, snipe, recipe and choir,
Cloven, oven, how and low,
Script, receipt, shoe, poem, toe
Hear me say, devoid of trickery:
Daughter, laughter and Terpsichore,
Typhoid, measles, topsails, aisles
Exiles, similes, reviles
Wholly, holly, signal, signing
Thames, examining, combining
Scholar, vicar, and cigar,
Solar, mica, war, and far
From "desire": desirable--admirable from "admire"
Lumber, plumber, bier, but brier
Chatham, brougham, renown, but known
Knowledge, done, but gone and tone,
One, anemone, Balmoral
Kitchen, lichen, laundry, laurel,
Gertrude, German, wind, and mind
Scene, Melpomene, mankind,
Tortoise, turquoise, chamois-leather,
Reading, reading, heathen, heather
This phonetic labyrinth
Gives moss, gross, brook, brooch, ninth, plinth
Billet does not end like ballet;
Bouquet, wallet, mallet, chalet;
Blood and flood are not like food,
Nor is mould like should and would
Banquet is not nearly parquet,
Which is said to rime with "darky"
Viscous, Viscount, load, and broad
Toward, to forward, to reward
And your pronunciation's OK,
When you say correctly: croquet
Rounded, wounded, grieve, and sieve,
Friend and fiend, alive, and live,
Liberty, library, heave, and heaven,
Rachel, ache, moustache, eleven,
We say hallowed, but allowed,
People, leopard, towed, but vowed
Mark the difference, moreover,
Between mover, plover, Dover,
Leeches, breeches, wise, precise,
Chalice, but police, and lice
Camel, constable, unstable,
Principle, disciple, label,
Petal, penal, and canal,
Wait, surmise, plait, promise, pal
Suit, suite, ruin, circuit, conduit,
Rime with "shirk it" and "beyond it"
But it is not hard to tell,
Why it's pall, mall, but Pall Mall
Muscle, muscular, gaol, iron,
Timber, climber, bullion, lion,
Worm and storm, chaise, chaos, and chair,
Senator, spectator, mayor,
Ivy, privy, famous, clamour
And enamour rime with hammer
Pussy, hussy, and possess,
Desert, but dessert, address
Golf, wolf, countenance, lieutenants
Hoist, in lieu of flags, left pennants
River, rival, tomb, bomb, comb,
Doll and roll and some and home
Stranger does not rime with anger
Neither does devour with clangour
Soul, but foul and gaunt but aunt
Font, front, won't, want, grand, and grant
Shoes, goes, does, Now first say: finger
And then: singer, ginger, linger,
Real, zeal, mauve, gauze, and gauge,
Marriage, foliage, mirage, age
Query does not rime with very,
Nor does fury sound like bury
Dost, lost, post; and doth, cloth, loth;
Job, Job; blossom, bosom, oath
Though the difference seems little,
We say actual, but victual
Seat, sweat; chaste, caste; Leigh, eight, height;
Put, nut; granite, and unite
Reefer does not rime with deafer,
Feoffer does, and zephyr, heifer
Dull, bull, Geoffrey, George, ate, late,
Hint, pint, Senate, but sedate
Scenic, Arabic, Pacific,
Science, conscience, scientific,
Tour, but our and succour, four,
Gas, alas, and Arkansas
Sea, idea, guinea, area,
Psalm, Maria, but malaria,
Youth, south, southern, cleanse and clean,
Doctrine, turpentine, marine
Compare alien with Italian,
Dandelion with battalion
Sally with ally, yea, ye,
Eye, I, ay, aye, whey, key, quay
Say aver, but ever, fever
Neither, leisure, skein, receiver
Never guess--it is not safe:
We say calves, valves, half, but Ralph
Heron, granary, canary,
Crevice and device, and eyrie,
Face but preface, but efface,
Phlegm, phlegmatic, ass, glass, bass
Large, but target, gin, give, verging,
Ought, out, joust, and scour, but scourging,
Ear but earn, and wear and bear
Do not rime with here, but ere
Seven is right, but so is even,
Hyphen, roughen, nephew, Stephen,
Monkey, donkey, clerk, and jerk,
Asp, grasp, wasp, and cork and work
Pronunciation--think of psyche--!
Is a paling, stout and spikey,
Won't it make you lose your wits,
Writing "groats" and saying "grits"?
It's a dark abyss or tunnel,
Strewn with stones, like rowlock, gunwale,
Islington and Isle of Wight,
Housewife, verdict, and indict!
Don't you think so, reader, rather,
Saying lather, bather, father?
Finally: which rimes with "enough"
Though through, plough, cough, hough, or tough?
Hiccough has the sound of "cup"
My advice is--give it up!